Trish Roberson Davis, Academy For Future Science, South Africa
One of the most remarkable archaeological finds of recent times was made in the fossil-rich area of the Gauteng Province, South Africa, known as the Cradle of Humankind. The find, first announced in November 2013, was made in a cave named Rising Star (Dinaledi in Sesotho, one of the local African languages) about 50 kms northwest of Johannesburg and about 16 kms from the Malapa cavewhere six skeletons of Australopithecus sediba were found in August 2008.
The fossils were found to have certain features in common with Homo sapiens and were thus announced to be a new species of the Homo genus, even possibly the very root of the Homo genus - and not Australopithecus. It was named Homo naledi (Star in Sesotho) after the cave in which the fossils were found. This declaration has been somewhat controversial, with some scientists believing instead that they are a branch of Homo erectus and not an entirely new species.
Two young cavers, Steven Tucker and Rick Hunter, while exploring the Dinaledi cave system initially found part of a jawbone and, after establishing that it was not the jawbone of an unlucky previous explorer, realised that they had found something noteworthy! While the opening areas of the cave have been well explored by local groups, the deeper aspects are extremely difficult to navigate, having two exceptionally narrow passageways (see Science’s diagram) and show no evidence of recent human visitation. The fossil site certainly was undisturbed. The first narrow passage is named Superman’s crawl because any wiry individual able to navigate it is only able to do so by keeping one arm firmly by their side and the other extended above their head, like Superman in flight! The second is approached by climbing the area known as Dragon’s back and in places is only 18 inches wide. It then drops steeply like an extremely narrow chute into the fossil site.
A small group from The Academy For Future Science, South Africa that went to view the display at Maropeng, the center established in Cradle of Humankind for the display of fossils and discoveries made in the area, was able to meet Rick Hunter (below) and get a firsthand description of their experience.
When Prof. Lee Berger of Wits University saw the photographs of what Tucker and Hunter had found, he sent out a call for ‘small’ scientists to explore the fossil site and obtained funding from National Geographic. Six brave women were selected to go into the fossil site and after painstaking work and exploration, Homo naledi was finally revealed to the world in September 2015 by the Rising Star expedition team.
From National Geographic October 2015
The question of how H. naledi came to be in the depths of Dinaledi cave has led to an intriguing theory. There is no indication on their fossilised bones of large carnivore activity and only very few rodent and bird skeletons have been found on the site, thus being dragged into the cave and eaten by a carnivore has been eliminated as a possibility. There is also no indication that the bones were carried to the site and deposited by water activity such as flooding. Therefore, after some determination the scientific team realized that the fossils had not ended up there because of some catastrophe but rather through a meticulous operation of several burials over a period of time.This has led them to the conclusion that H. naledi demonstrated the unusual characteristic of burying their dead and showing the trait of human compassion or ritual comprehension by the placing of their dead in a special chamber.
According to Drs. J.J. and Desiree Hurtak, "This new South African evidence gives credence to what The Keys of Enoch® (Key 207, Key 212) explain as the ‘root races,’ a pre-human life form similar to Homo sapiens sapiens but with a much smaller brain. The very concept of another species is not new. We already know that the Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) and the Homo floresiensis lived on the earth, but this is the first evidence that an ancient species demonstrated the ritual of burying their dead."
The remarkable find of Homo naledi is thus adding to the growing realization that there was more diversity in the evolution of species than ever imagined before, and that ritual behaviour and compassion for life may have been a much earlier development than was previously thought. It appears that this trait may not have developed exclusively in Homo sapiens.
While only a very small portion of this amazing time capsule with so many fossils found in the same area has been uncovered to date, the paleontological team has found intact skeletons (some 1,550 fossil elements in all) of every possible age, specifically they found the bones of infants, children, adults and an elderly individual believed to be female. There is a promise of more to come with at least one further major announcement expected soon.
Research to date indicates that on average Homo naledi was approximately 4 ½ft or 1.5 metres tall and weighed about 90 pounds (45kg). More recent work (March 2014) on one of the skeletons has confirmed the great similarity between the hands and feet of this ‘new species’ and modern man. The shoulders are narrower and more ape-like, more suited to climbing, but the feet are much closer to ours, and although their feet are flatter than ours, H. naledi were clearly bipedal (see images below – H. naledi foot on the right, ours on the left). However, their hip and thighbone seem much more primitive. While the hands and wrist are more human-like, possibly suited to making and using tools, they are a little different, that is the last digits of the hands are more curved, typical of primates, and again, suited to climbing. Also, the thumbs are longer.
H. naledi’s brain is said to have been the size of an orange, about half the size of Homo erectus and its skull has about half the brain volume of a modern human skull. However, its teeth were smaller than average for any early Homo species, a trait usually associated with eating more calorie-rich foods like meat or starchy tubers, according to John Hawkes, a core scientist on the Rising Star Expedition team.
Reconstructed composite skull of Homo naledi Jawbone of H. naledi by Wits University
While they have many features remarkably similar to Homo sapiens, they also display features that appear to be even more primitive than Australopithecus. Although specific dating has not entirely been confirmed, it is believed that this species lived one to three million years ago. If it turns out that they lived one million years ago or less then they would have co-existed with other early species of the Homo genus.
Photographs: Unless otherwise credited - by Peter Viljoen & Trish Roberson taken at Maropeng
The Japan Earthquake –
A Barometer of ‘the Shifting Balances’of the Earth’s Past, Present and Future
Copyright © 2011 by Drs. J.J. and Desiree Hurtak
The world’s fourth-largest magnitude quake of 9.0 was caused when the Pacific tectonic plate slipped under the North American plate, causing a massive movement of the Japanese landmass to shift Eastward. Specifically, Japan has just moved towards the North American continent by about 13 feet.
As we have all witnessed on television, the downward thrust of the plates released a gigantic tsunami force that surged over Sendai, Japan, to a distance in land of 6 miles, unleashing a power that is calculated to be approximately 500 million times more powerful than the Hiroshima atomic event in 1945! Clearly, even though the impact of the seismic profiles can be calculated down to the inch, there is much more study to be done of the fault lines involved and the oceanic features that have changed. We look at the devastation and we want to feel this was a singular event, however, we are here to tell you this has happened before, maybe on an even greater scale.
According to the best seismic experts in Japan, the geophysical changes from the earthquake that happened on March 7, 2011, came from a depth of 15 miles and shifted the Earth’s axis by 6.5 inches, shortening the day cycle by 1.5 microseconds, and sank the country of Japan downward by two feet. Reportedly, due to this massive earthquake, there are currently land masses that have now slipped under the water and are not expected to resurface in the near future.
Having visited the area of southern Japan called Yonaguni, I (JJ Hurtak) have, first hand, witnessed during an expedition, six man-made structures that are now underwater. The expedition examined only six of the numerous underwater structures in the area that appear to have been above ground as recently as 10,000 years ago. This is the theory of some local scholars like Dr. Kimura, Professor at Naha University of Okinawa. These underwater temple-like structures and platforms resting on the bottom of the ocean floor may provide a clue that this type of destruction has happened before where massive and devastating fluid dynamics brought changes that could be traced to the major oceanic and tectonic plates at the end of the last ice age (9-12, 000 years B.P.).
It appears that Japan has been the location for many massive geological changes. Prior to the last ice age, we assert it was a gathering place for an ancient Asian people who built gargantuan temples and land platforms along the ocean frontiers of the Sea of Japan when the ocean was lower by 150 to 200 feet. In fact, there is solid evidence that Japan was once part of the mainland of China, but similar cataclysmic changes caused a breaking away from the larger continent.
Although we have stated that an advanced culture, a skillful temple building society, was destroyed by cataclysmic changes in the ocean, this was not accepted by most archeologists. They did not acknowledge that these events were in the recent past, nor that advanced cultures existed over 10,000 years ago. We beg to differ. Instead, similar, cataclysmic changes as we have just seen in early March 2011 may have instigated such legends as the ‘Motherland of Mu’ amongst the peoples of the Pacific as far away as Easter Island (within the territory of Chile).
Legends record that Mu sank into the Pacific Ocean due to cataclysmic events. More specifically, some of its remaining structures have been found in the Ryukyu islands (southern Japan), including the area of Yonaguni, which were part of ancient ceremonial centers and ocean trading routes, according to Dr. Masaaki Kimura. In fact, The Keys of Enoch® also point to this area surrounding Taiwan and the Philippines as a key grid point on planet Earth, indicating our cataclysmic past. Such catastrophic changes may have brought the peoples of the East to the New World, arriving in both North and South America. Overwhelming tsunamis and the sinking of the coastal land masses may have been the fate of the larger continent of Mu which once existed between Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia and southeast Asia. Stephen Oppenheimer, Professor at Oxford University, confirms that ancient, civilized cultures existed 10,000 years ago in his breath-taking book Eden in the East (1998).
Do we need to take a look at the footprints of ancient civilization off the coasts of modern Japan to find answers to our own future? We believe the answer is yes. There may be additional changes upon the earth and we need to be prepared as a society to face these sudden changes. The earth has gone through several massive quakes from the 8.8 earthquake in Chile to the 9.0 earthquake in Japan. Perhaps, these are the harbinger of things to come in the Pacific Basin, where we may see the sudden collapse of modern building structures along the Western oceanfront of the Americas, especially California.
Moving to the Caribbean Sea off the eastern seaboard of North America, researchers have found over the past decades interesting, yet allusive underwater structures off of Bimini Island, called the Bimini Road. In addition to a regular series of blocks that look like a roadway, pyramidal structures have been reported, as well as other regular building-like foundations. This also may have been the legendary land of Atlantis. Additional evidence of geological change has been seen off the coasts of India and in the Mediterranean.
Our planet has been going through shifts and changes since its inception, and mounting evidences suggest that many societies were destroyed during or around the close of the last ice age about 9,000 to 12,000 years ago. The “sinking” of Mu and Atlantis may have not occurred simultaneous to each other, but may have been two separate events captured in their local mythologies.
It will be helpful to make a closer examination of evidence on the ocean floor. We are suggesting that more information and visual input needs to be acquired on the massive evidence of interesting structures found off the coast of the southernmost Japanese islands that may have been terraformed before changes at the end of the last ice ages.
We send our prayers to those in Japan, as the devastation is clearly overwhelming, but we suggest that everyone take a ‘second look’ to closer examine these historic underwater stone structures. Filmed on the ocean floor off of Yonaguni and Taiwan by some of the best underwater film makers, the structures can be seen in the documentary called the ‘Temple of Mu’, in DVD format that can be ordered from the Academy for Future Science,www.keysofenoch.org.
Update on the Shroud of Turin
by Drs. J.J. and Desiree Hurtak
In May of 2010, Drs J.J. and Desiree Hurtak had the opportunity with members of The Academy For Future Science, in Italy to visit the Cattedrale di San Giovanni Battista, Turino (The Cathedral of John the Baptist, in Turin). The Sacred Relic of the Shroud of Turin, believed by many to be the cloth that covered the body of Jesus while in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, was on display. This viewing only takes place at irregular intervals decided by the Catholic Church and only 8 times in the past 100 years.
The history of the Shroud is somewhat sketchy before the 14th century, at which time it was found in Troyes, a city southeast of Paris, and before that was in the hands of the Knights Templar to protect it after the sacking of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade in 1204. (See Chronicle of the Shroud).
Although the Catholic Church now officially owns the Relic, they have not made a clear confirmation that this was the actual burial cloth of Jesus. For many reasons, they have been hesitant. Not the least occurred in 1988 when they allowed scientists to take a sample of the rim of the cloth for carbon dating. The sample was cut into fragments and sent to three major laboratories–in Tucson, Arizona; Oxford, England; and Zurich, Switzerland. The results from these three laboratories varied on the exact date, but all agreed it was most likely a fourteenth century. People where stunned, how could this be?
The carbon dating seemed to put an end to “the believers” hopes. However, not everyone accepted the findings of the carbon dating. Two amateur investigators Sue Benford and Joe Marino were amongst those who refused to accept it. In their search to disprove the carbon dating, they noticed that the samples given to the laboratories were mostly made of “cotton fibers”, whereas the main herringbone weave of the Shroud was made of flax linen fibers. Their findings were highlighted in a major American documentary. They were supported also by two main members of the STURP (Shroud of Turin Research Project) team: photographic expertise of Barrie Schwortz and Los Alamos National Lab chemist, Dr. Raymond Rogers, who also recanted the carbon dating based on their findings. It seems that the samples given to the laboratories were from a repaired area of the cloth and not part of the original cloth and hence the false carbon data.
Just as exciting is the recent announcement that there are also faint words on the Shroud of Turin that have now been clearly amplified by optical and computer systems. This is the work of Barbara Frale, a Vatican researcher. The amplified “words” on the Shroud spell out a sequence of events suggesting that they are part of a “death certificate” laid on top of the Shroud by authorities in Latin, Greek and Hebrew letters. These “invisible letters” that are now “visible” through modern technology were transposed into the Shroud surface.
The new linguistic findings of what looks like the “aleph” Hebrew letter on the throat of the “Christ image” on the Shroud is similar with the “aleph” published in The Book of Knowledge: The Keys of Enoch® in 1973 which is illustrated in Plate XII called the “Adam Kadmon” in exactly the same position! It was the epiphany of seeing “light pouring out of the throat and mouth” of Jesus with the “aleph” sign on the throat that led this author to commission a very well known artist to make a complex illustration of Jesus as the Adam Kadmon (archetypal man) with the crown of “Divine Names” upon his head and illustrating the “beginning” of the next stage of life–in the sign of the “aleph”!
Renewed interest by a new generation of researchers is a welcomed sign of the closer cooperation between science and religion on the “Christ story” beneath the history and veneer of Western civilization.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE SHROUD
Shroud taken from the Holy Land to Edessa (eastern Turkey) a place of religious learning for the Eastern church. Edessa housed many copies of texts now called the Egyptian Nag Hammadi New Testament texts and commentaries. (Unconfirmed)
Shroud carried from Edessa and kept with the early Church in Constantinople (according to Ian Wilson and Rex Morgan) (Unconfirmed)
According to Ian Wilson and Rex Morgan, Knights Templar rescue the Shroud from the downfall of Constantinople and hide it (possibly in Acre, the Templar stronghold) in the Holy Land possibly until its demise in 1291. Others, such as Barbara Frale and John Thavis, both Vatican researchers, believe the Shroud was brought later to France and used as part of high rituals with the Knights Templar. Wilson and Morgan believe it resided after 1307 in Templecome, England.
Shroud deposited at the Church of Lirey in the area of Troyes in France (southeast of Paris) by Geoffroi I de Charney, a French knight. A medal was struck in commemoration of the holy Shroud. It was exhibited in 1357 showed by his wife Jeanne de Vergy. Geoffroi I is thought to have died in battle in 1356 without revealing the source of the Shroud. (Geoffroi de Charney was the nephew of the famous Templar Geoffrey de Charney who was burned at the stake along with Grand Master Jacques de Molay in 1314 and may have passed on the Shroud to his nephew at that time.)
Geoffroi II de Charney, son of Geoffroi I, held another exhibition of the Lirey Shroud.
He died in 1396 and his daughter Margaret became the Shroud’s owner.
Around this time the Shroud, passed from Margaret to the House of Savoy.
The Shroud was moved to the chapel of a Savoy and church in Chambery, France.
Fire broke out in the sacristy of the Chambery church and molten gouts of silver burned through the Shroud.
1532- 1534 AD
Poor Clare nuns cut away charred cloth around the burn holes and covered them with triangular pieces of cloth. They also applied a backing cloth to the Shroud and from what we know now used a technique called French reweaving to repair the edges of the cloth.
On September 14 the Holy Shroud was transferred to Turin from Chambéry to shorten the trip of Carlo Borromeo, the Archbishop of Milan, who had made a vow to go worship the Sacred Linen. This was the first modern Turin exposition. The Shroud was then on display in many occasions in the following centuries, in the Cathedral and in piazza Castello, to celebrate liturgical feasts or the Home of Savoy dynastic anniversaries.
An eight day exposition of the Shroud was held in Turin. Secondo Pia took the first photograph of the Shroud and discovered that the full size dorsal and frontal images of a crucified man on it were negatives showing striking details.
1939 - 1946 AD
At the outbreak of World War II the Shroud was moved to the Benedictine monastery of Montegergine in the mountains of southern Italy. It was returned to Turin in 1946.
The Shroud was shown to members of a special scientific commission. New photographs in both color and black and white were taken.
Max Frei, a Zurich forensic expert, removed pollen samples and two small pieces were cut from the main body of the Shroud (5 square centimeters) and from the side strip (3 square centimeters) for study by Prof. Gilbert Raes, director of the Ghent University’s textile laboratory. At a public exhibition the Shroud was shown for the first time on television.
Plans began to have the Shroud carbon dated and a team of scientists called STURP (Shroud of Turin Research Project) visited the cloth from 27 August to 8 October and during this time an intensive five days of non-destructive tests were done.
A meeting was held in Santa Barbara, California to discuss the preliminary analysis of data obtained by STURP in October, 1978. At the meeting Walter McCrone claimed his studies of the Shroud image suggested it was painted by an artist. In this same year, Piero Ugolotti
noticed faint writing on the Shroud.
Michael Tite of the British Museum’s Research Laboratory established dialog with the laboratories in Arizona, Zurich, and Oxford as well as four other laboratories to see if they would accept samples of the Shroud for Carbon dating. All six agreed. Other discussions continue with the Holy See Mission to the United Nations in New York to discuss the Turin workshop on carbon dating the Shroud which was deemed a preliminary step to be done prior to the actual carbon dating. The Turin workshop on carbon dating the Turin Shroud chaired by Carlos Chagas, President of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, was held in a seminary in Turin from 29 September to 1 October 1986. The three radiocarbon laboratories were selected to date the Turin Shroud and a letter was sent to each by the archbishop of Turin in 1987.
On 22 January, representatives of the three laboratories meet in London with representatives of the British Museum and Prof. Gonella, (science advisor to the archbishop) to agree upon the archbishops conditions. On 21 April, samples were removed from the Turin Shroud and were given to the three laboratories. On 13 October 1988, Cardinal Ballestrero announced the medieval date 1325 plus or minus 33 AD for the Shroud of Turin on the basis of reports from the ‘three’ labs. (Final results were printed in the 16 February 1989 issue of Nature entitled “Radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin.”
Ugolotti's findings of faint writings on the face of the Shroud were further studied in 1997 by the late Andre Marion, director of the Institut d'Optique Theorique et Appliquee d'Orsay, France and his student Anne Laure Courage.
New material surfaces from Sue Benford and Joe Marino that the “samples” taken from the Shroud were, in fact, cotton fibers woven into the Shroud by the Clare nuns. Ronald Hatfield of the radiocarbon dating firm Beta Analytic developed simultaneously the same understanding. Renowned scientist from Los Alamos National Lab, Dr. Raymond Rogers, under the prodding of Barrie Schwortz, changes his mind on the Shroud studies in a scientific paper and in a national television documentary where he admits that the carbon dating is flawed. See:www.shroud.it/ROGERS-3.PDF
Barbara Frale publishes her interpretation of the linguistic document of the faint writing on the Shroud’s surface as brought out by optical and computer image enhancement. This new material is highlighted in European reports (e.g. Der Stern, March 2010) suggesting to specialists that a “death certificate” was fixed to the Shroud by Roman witnesses. See: http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/big-pic-shroud-turin-claim.html